French Bread Recipe

French Bread Recipe is a staple in many households and can be enjoyed on its own or as a complement to a variety of dishes. Making your own French bread from scratch may seem daunting, but with the right recipe and technique, it can be a rewarding and enjoyable experience. In this article, we will explore a French bread recipe that is easy to follow and produces a delicious loaf of bread.

The key to making great French bread is using high-quality ingredients and following the recipe closely. This recipe calls for flour, yeast, salt, and water, which are combined to create a simple yet delicious dough. The dough is then allowed to rise, shaped into a loaf, and baked until golden brown. With a little practice and patience, anyone can master the art of making French bread at home.

Whether you are an experienced baker or a novice in the kitchen, this French bread recipe is sure to impress. By following the steps outlined in this article, you can create a delicious loaf of bread that is perfect for any occasion. So, roll up your sleeves, dust off your apron, and get ready to bake some delicious French bread!

History of French Bread

French bread, also known as “baguette,” is an iconic symbol of French culture and cuisine. The history of French bread dates back to the early 19th century when bread was a staple food in France.

It is believed that the first baguette was created in Vienna, Austria, during the 18th century. The French bakers were inspired by the Viennese bread-making techniques and brought them back to France. However, the bread was not well-received by the French people as it was too heavy and dense.

In the early 20th century, French bakers started experimenting with the bread-making process by adding more yeast and water to the dough. This resulted in a lighter and airier bread, which became known as the “baguette.”

During World War I and II, the French government regulated the production of bread to ensure that everyone had access to it. This led to the standardization of the baguette, which had to be 55-65 cm in length and weigh between 250-300 grams.

Today, the baguette is an essential part of French culture and is enjoyed by people all over the world. It is often served with cheese, butter, or jam, and is a popular choice for sandwiches.

Overall, the history of French bread is a testament to the ingenuity and creativity of French bakers, who have perfected the art of bread-making over the centuries.

Essential Ingredients

Flour Types

French bread is made with flour that has a high protein content, which helps to create the bread’s characteristic chewy texture. The most commonly used flours for French bread are bread flour and all-purpose flour. Bread flour has a higher protein content than all-purpose flour, which makes it ideal for bread baking. However, all-purpose flour can also be used to make French bread, as it has a protein content of around 10-12%.

Yeast and Fermentation

Yeast is an essential ingredient in French bread, as it helps the dough to rise and gives the bread its characteristic flavor. There are two main types of yeast used in bread baking: active dry yeast and instant yeast. Active dry yeast needs to be activated in warm water before it can be used, while instant yeast can be added directly to the dry ingredients.

Fermentation is also crucial in the bread-making process, as it allows the dough to develop flavor and texture. The longer the fermentation time, the more complex the flavor of the bread will be.

Salt and Its Role

Salt is an important ingredient in French bread, as it enhances the flavor of the bread and helps to control the fermentation process. Salt also strengthens the gluten in the dough, which helps to create a chewy texture.

Water Quality

The quality of the water used in French bread can have a significant impact on the final product. Ideally, the water should be free from chlorine and other chemicals, as these can affect the flavor of the bread. Additionally, the temperature of the water can also affect the fermentation process, with warmer water leading to faster fermentation.

Overall, these essential ingredients play a crucial role in creating the perfect French bread. By using high-quality ingredients and paying attention to the details, anyone can make delicious French bread at home.

Equipment Needed

Mixing Tools

To make French bread, you will need a mixing bowl, a wooden spoon or a stand mixer with a dough hook attachment. A digital kitchen scale is also recommended for precise measurements.

Baking Stones and Trays

Baking stones or trays are essential for baking French bread. They help to distribute heat evenly and create a crispy crust. A pizza stone or a baking steel can be used as an alternative to a baking tray.

Proofing Baskets

Proofing baskets, also known as bannetons, are used to shape the dough during the final proofing stage. They help to create a uniform shape and prevent the dough from spreading out too much. A linen cloth or a bowl lined with a tea towel can be used as a substitute.

Ovens and Temperature Control

To achieve the perfect French bread, it is important to have an oven that can reach high temperatures. A convection oven is preferred, but a regular oven can also work. A thermometer can be used to ensure that the oven is at the correct temperature. It is also important to have good temperature control to prevent the bread from burning or becoming too dry.

French Bread Varieties


Baguette is a long and thin loaf of bread that is crispy on the outside and soft on the inside. It is a classic French bread that is perfect for making sandwiches or serving as a side with soup or salad. Baguettes are typically made with flour, water, salt, and yeast, and are shaped by hand before being baked in a hot oven.


Boule is a round loaf of bread that is crusty on the outside and soft on the inside. It is a versatile bread that can be used for sandwiches, toast, or as a side with a meal. Boules are typically made with a mixture of flour, water, salt, and yeast, and are shaped into a round ball before being baked in a hot oven.


Bâtard is a shorter and wider loaf of bread that is similar to a baguette but has a thicker crust and a slightly denser crumb. It is a great bread for making sandwiches or serving as a side with a meal. Bâtards are typically made with a mixture of flour, water, salt, and yeast, and are shaped by hand before being baked in a hot oven.


Fougasse is a flatbread that is typically made with flour, water, salt, and yeast, and flavored with herbs, olives, or cheese. It is a popular bread in the south of France and is often served as an appetizer or snack. Fougasse is shaped into a leaf or a wheat sheaf before being baked in a hot oven.

French bread comes in many varieties, each with its own unique shape, texture, and flavor. Whether you prefer a crispy baguette or a soft boule, there is a French bread variety that is perfect for you.

Preparing the Dough

Mixing the Ingredients

To make French bread, the ingredients needed are flour, salt, yeast, and water. The flour used should be all-purpose flour, and the yeast should be active dry yeast. First, mix the flour and salt in a large bowl. Then, in a separate bowl, mix the yeast and warm water until the yeast dissolves. Gradually add the yeast mixture to the flour mixture and stir until a sticky dough forms.

Kneading Techniques

Kneading the dough is an essential step in making French bread. It helps to develop the gluten in the flour, which gives the bread its characteristic chewy texture. To knead the dough, turn it out onto a floured surface and use the heel of your hand to push the dough away from you. Then, fold the dough over and repeat the process for about 10 minutes, until the dough becomes smooth and elastic.

First Rise

After kneading, the dough needs to rise to double its size. Place the dough in a greased bowl and cover it with a damp towel. Let it rise in a warm, draft-free place for about an hour, or until it has doubled in size.

Punching Down

Once the dough has risen, punch it down to release the air bubbles. Turn it out onto a floured surface and knead it briefly. Then, shape it into a baguette shape and place it on a baking sheet. Let it rise again for about 30 minutes before baking.

Shaping the Bread

Creating Surface Tension

To achieve a beautiful crust and airy crumb, it’s important to create surface tension on the dough. This can be done by gently pulling and stretching the dough, folding it over itself, and repeating the process. The goal is to create a smooth, taut surface on the dough.

Forming Traditional Shapes

French bread can be shaped in a variety of ways, but the most common shapes are the baguette and the batard. To shape a baguette, roll the dough into a long, thin cylinder and taper the ends. For a batard, shape the dough into an oval and taper the ends. Place the shaped dough onto a floured couche or baguette pan to proof.

Final Proofing

After shaping, the dough needs to proof one last time before baking. This allows the dough to rise and develop flavor. The proofing time will vary depending on the temperature and humidity of your kitchen, but generally, the dough should double in size. To test if the dough is ready, gently press a finger into the dough. If the indentation remains, the dough is ready to bake.

By following these simple steps, anyone can create delicious, homemade French bread. With a little practice and patience, you’ll be able to achieve bakery-quality bread in your own kitchen.

Scoring and Baking

Scoring Patterns

Scoring the dough is an important step in the French bread baking process. It not only gives the bread its signature look, but also helps control the expansion of the dough during baking. There are many different scoring patterns that can be used, but the most common is a single slash down the center of the dough. Other patterns, such as a tic-tac-toe pattern or a diamond pattern, can also be used to create different shapes and textures on the bread’s crust.

Steam in Baking

Steam is crucial in the baking process for French bread. It helps create a crispy crust and a soft, airy interior. To achieve this, bakers use a variety of methods to introduce steam into the oven during baking. One common method is to spray water onto the walls of the oven before placing the bread inside. Another method is to place a tray of water in the bottom of the oven to create steam. Some bakers even use a special steam injection system to ensure a consistent amount of steam throughout the baking process.

Baking Times and Temperatures

The baking time and temperature for French bread can vary depending on the size and shape of the loaf, as well as the desired level of crustiness. Generally, French bread is baked at a high temperature of around 450°F (230°C) for 20-30 minutes. However, larger loaves may require a longer baking time to fully cook through. It’s important to monitor the bread closely during baking to ensure it doesn’t overcook or burn.

Overall, scoring and baking French bread is a delicate process that requires attention to detail and careful monitoring. By following the proper techniques and using the right equipment, bakers can create delicious, crusty loaves of French Bread Recipe that are sure to impress.

Serving and Storage

Slicing Techniques

French bread is best sliced diagonally to create long, oval-shaped pieces. This not only looks visually appealing but also allows for more surface area to be exposed, enhancing the bread’s texture and flavor. A serrated knife is recommended for a clean cut without crushing the bread.

Serving Suggestions

French Bread Recipe is a versatile bread that can be served with a variety of dishes. It is often used as an accompaniment to soups, stews, and salads. It can also be used as a base for sandwiches or toasted with toppings like garlic and butter for a quick snack.

For a classic French meal, serve sliced French Bread Recipe with a cheese platter and a glass of red wine. Another option is to serve it with a bowl of olive oil for dipping.

Storing French Bread

To keep French bread fresh, store it in a paper bag at room temperature for up to 2 days. Avoid storing it in a plastic bag as this can cause the bread to become soggy. If you need to store it for longer, wrap it in aluminum foil and freeze it for up to 3 months.

Authentic French Bread Recipe | Easy and Perfect

Difficulty:BeginnerPrep time: 15 minutesCook time: 30 minutesRest time: 10 minutesTotal time: 55 minutesServings:10 servingsCalories:90 kcal Best Season:Summer


This authentic French bread recipe is easy and perfect for home bakers. It uses simple ingredients: bread flour, water, salt, and yeast. The dough is kneaded, allowed to rise twice, and then baked to golden perfection. Enjoy the classic, crusty loaf that’s great for any occasion.



  1. Mix Ingredients: In a bowl, combine warm water and yeast. Let it sit until foamy, about 5 minutes. Mix in flour and salt until a dough forms.
  2. Knead Dough: Knead the dough for about 10 minutes until smooth and elastic.
  3. First Rise: Place the dough in a greased bowl, cover, and let it rise until doubled, about 1 hour.
  4. Shape and Proof: Punch down the dough, shape into a loaf, and let it rise again until doubled.
  5. Bake: Preheat the oven to 450°F (230°C). Score the top of the loaf, bake for 20-30 minutes until golden brown.


  • By following these steps, anyone can make a delicious French bread at home.
Keywords:French Bread Recipe

To reheat frozen French bread, preheat the oven to 375°F and bake for 10-12 minutes until the bread is crispy on the outside and soft on the inside.

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